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Andrew Pallant

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Simple MVC AJAX GET Method

Physical Link: Simple MVC AJAX GET Method


MVC makes doing AJAX calls simple.  As I have said before, I do not like the AJAX controls and methods that the Microsoft ships with the MVC platform.  I prefer to create my own AJAX methods instead of posting a AJAX form.  I find I can get better control and I can create tighter rules around elements of importance.

The one thing I learned early is when doing a Get Method, you need to ensure that you give permission to the AJAX call to return JSON by adding the following to your JSON return object:

JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet

This is an easy example of how to use your basic jQuery with your MVC Controller.

This is my view:

 @{  
   Layout = null;  
 }  
   
 <!DOCTYPE html>  
   
 <html>  
 <head>  
   <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" />  
   <title>Test</title>  
   <script src="~/Scripts/jquery-1.8.2.js"></script>  
 </head>  
 <body>  
   <div>  
     <label for="txtName">Name: </label><input type="text" id="txtName" />  
     <button id="btnSayHello" value="SayHello">Say Hello</button>  
     <br />  
     <label id="lblMessage"></label>  
   </div>  
   
   <script type="text/javascript">  
     var $SayHelloURL = "@Url.Action("SayHello", "Home")";  
     $("#btnSayHello").on("click", function () {  
       var _name = $("#txtName").val();  
       $.ajax({  
         method: "GET",  
         url: $SayHelloURL,  
         data: { name: _name },  
         success: function(data){  
           if(data.Success)  
           {  
             $("#lblMessage").html(data.Message);  
             $("#txtName").val('');  
           } else {  
             $("#lblMessage").html(data.Message);  
             $("#txtName").focus();  
           }  
         }  
       });  
     });  
   </script>  
 </body>  
 </html>  

This is my controller:

1:  using System;  
2:  using System.Collections.Generic;  
3:  using System.Linq;  
4:  using System.Web;  
5:  using System.Web.Mvc;  
6:    
7:  namespace TestProject.Controllers  
8:  {  
9:    public class HomeController : Controller  
10:    {  
11:      [HttpGet]  
12:      public JsonResult SayHello(String name)  
13:      {  
14:        Dictionary<String,object> aryOfDictionary = new Dictionary<string,object>();  
15:        if(name.Length > 0)  
16:        {  
17:          aryOfDictionary.Add("Succes", true);  
18:          aryOfDictionary.Add("Message", @"<span style=""color:Blue;"">Hello " + name + ".</span>");  
19:        }  
20:        else  
21:        {  
22:          aryOfDictionary.Add("Succes", false);  
23:          aryOfDictionary.Add("Message", @"<span style=""color:Red;"">Please Enter Your Name...</span>");  
24:        }  
25:        return Json(aryOfDictionary, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);  
26:      }  
27:    
28:      public ActionResult Test()  
29:      {  
30:         return View();  
31:      }  
32:    }  
33:  }  
34:    

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Categories: DotNet, How To, jQuery, JSON, Web


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